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Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — October 1984


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 10 (October 1984)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Bezymianny (Russia) Ash cloud; pyroclastic flows; part of dome destroyed

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1984. Report on Bezymianny (Russia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 9:10. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198410-300250



55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

"Activity increased from late September through mid-October. On 4 September, small surface earthquakes began to be recorded at a seismic station 13 km from the volcano. By 8 October, the number of recorded events was 300 per day. On 9 October, ash ejections became frequent and rockslides occurred from the dome. On 13-14 October the eruption entered its main phase. Volcanic tremor began and an eruption column rose to 5 km height. Several explosions destroyed the E portion of the summit dome. Pyroclastic flows descended along two routes, the larger more than 8 km long. Ashfall occurred to the ENE. The ash layer 16 km NE of the volcano was 2 kg/m2. Weaker activity followed and by 19 October the eruption was over."

Geological Summary. The modern Bezymianny, much smaller than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi on the Kamchatka Peninsula, was formed about 4,700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an edifice built about 11,000-7,000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3,000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1,000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large open crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.

Information Contacts: G. Bogoyavlenskaya and P. Tokarev, IVP.