Report on Suwanosejima (Japan) — July 1985
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 7 (July 1985)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Suwanosejima (Japan) Explosions resume; 2.5 km plume; ashfall 25 km SE
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1985. Report on Suwanosejima (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 10:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198507-282030
29.638°N, 129.714°E; summit elev. 796 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Occasional Strombolian activity continued until May 1984, but no explosion sounds had been reported since June (table 1). During the afternoon of 28 June 1985, an aircraft pilot flying near Suwanose-jima saw a plume rising to an altitude of 2-2.5 km (table 1). At Nakano-shima, about 25 km NE of the volcano, slight ashfall was observed, but no explosions were heard.
Geological Summary. The 8-km-long, spindle-shaped island of Suwanosejima in the northern Ryukyu Islands consists of an andesitic stratovolcano with two historically active summit craters. The summit is truncated by a large breached crater extending to the sea on the east flank that was formed by edifice collapse. Suwanosejima, one of Japan's most frequently active volcanoes, was in a state of intermittent strombolian activity from Otake, the NE summit crater, that began in 1949 and lasted until 1996, after which periods of inactivity lengthened. The largest historical eruption took place in 1813-14, when thick scoria deposits blanketed residential areas, and the SW crater produced two lava flows that reached the western coast. At the end of the eruption the summit of Otake collapsed forming a large debris avalanche and creating the horseshoe-shaped Sakuchi caldera, which extends to the eastern coast. The island remained uninhabited for about 70 years after the 1813-1814 eruption. Lava flows reached the eastern coast of the island in 1884. Only about 50 people live on the island.
Information Contacts: JMA, Tokyo.