Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — November 1985
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 11 (November 1985)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Karangetang (Indonesia) Small ash eruption
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1985. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 10:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198511-267020
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Api Siau erupted from the main crater (Kawah Utama) on 6 November. A 1.5-km-high ash column covered villages S of the volcano (Salili, Beong, Kanawong, and Lehi) with 1-3 mm of ash. Detonations were heard from the observation post at Muaralawa, 4.5 km SW of the volcano. Additional detonations were reported throughout the month. Possible precursory signs of this activity included a darkening of the normally whitish quiescent plume beginning on 4 November."
Geological Summary. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, about 125 km NNE of the NE-most point of Sulawesi. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented (Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts have produced pyroclastic flows.
Information Contacts: T. Casadevall and L. Pardyanto, VSI.