Report on Merapi (Indonesia) — August 1987
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 8 (August 1987)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Merapi (Indonesia) Lava dome growth, but nuées ardentes de avalanche stop
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1987. Report on Merapi (Indonesia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 12:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198708-263250
7.54°S, 110.446°E; summit elev. 2910 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Comparison of photographs taken during visits to the summit in May, July, and on 8 August, showed that the lava dome continued to increase in volume. Most of the growth seems to have occurred by addition of material to the top of the dome and in its NE sector. No perceptible new growth has occurred on the SW part of the dome. . . .
Geological Summary. Merapi, one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, lies in one of the world's most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta. It is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. Growth of Old Merapi during the Pleistocene ended with major edifice collapse perhaps about 2,000 years ago, leaving a large arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Subsequent growth of the steep-sided Young Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent activity, began SW of the earlier collapse scarp. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities.
Information Contacts: VSI.