Report on Ruapehu (New Zealand) — December 1987
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 12 (December 1987)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Ruapehu (New Zealand) Declining lake temperature; minor deflation
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1987. Report on Ruapehu (New Zealand) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 12:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198712-241100
39.28°S, 175.57°E; summit elev. 2797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Crater lake temperature had declined to 17°C by 19 December, 10° lower than when last measured on 12 November. ... Geologists noted that although recent strong inflow of water into the lake had probably contributed to the temperature decrease, a color change suggested decreased heat flow. Minor deflation, following the period of gradual inflation that occurred through 1987, was recorded by the deformation survey. Seismicity has remained generally low since 12 November and there was no sign of recent volcanic activity.
Geological Summary. Ruapehu, one of New Zealand's most active volcanoes, is a complex stratovolcano constructed during at least four cone-building episodes dating back to about 200,000 years ago. The dominantly andesitic 110 km3 volcanic massif is elongated in a NNE-SSW direction and surrounded by another 100 km3 ring plain of volcaniclastic debris, including the NW-flank Murimoto debris-avalanche deposit. A series of subplinian eruptions took place between about 22,600 and 10,000 years ago, but pyroclastic flows have been infrequent. The broad summait area and flank contain at least six vents active during the Holocene. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded from the Te Wai a-Moe (Crater Lake) vent, and tephra characteristics suggest that the crater lake may have formed as recently as 3,000 years ago. Lahars resulting from phreatic eruptions at the summit crater lake are a hazard to a ski area on the upper flanks and lower river valleys.
Information Contacts: P. Otway, NZGS Wairakei.