Report on Lamongan (Indonesia) — February 1988
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 2 (February 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Lamongan (Indonesia) Increased seismicity but no temperature changes
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Lamongan (Indonesia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:2. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198802-263320.
7.981°S, 113.341°E; summit elev. 1641 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A brief seismic swarm centered immediately W of Lamongan cone began on 8 February at 0445. Additional seismicity was recorded through February. No changes have been noted in the temperature or behavior of the maar lakes within the epicentral region. The earthquakes occurred in virtually the same epicentral area as those from the 1978 and 1985 swarms.
Geologic Background. Lamongan, a small stratovolcano located between the massive Tengger and Iyang-Argapura volcanic complexes, is surrounded by numerous maars and cinder cones. The currently active cone has been constructed 650 m SW of Gunung Tarub, the volcano's high point. As many as 27 maars with diameters from 150 to 700 m, some containing crater lakes, surround the volcano, along with about 60 cinder cones and spatter cones. Lake-filled maars, including Ranu Pakis, Ranu Klakah, and Ranu Bedali, are located on the E and W flanks; dry maars are predominately located on the N flanks. None of the maars has erupted during historical time, although several of the youthful maars cut drainage channels from Gunung Tarub. The volcano was very active from the time of its first historical eruption in 1799 through the end of the 19th century, producing frequent explosive eruptions and lava flows from vents on the western side ranging from the summit to about 450 m elevation.
Information Contacts: VSI.