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Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — March 1988


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 3 (March 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Klyuchevskoy (Russia) Summit/flank eruption; seismic swarm; plume

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198803-300260



56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Simultaneous summit and flank eruptions at Kliuchevskoi 6-9 April were accompanied by a swarm of M 2.5 earthquakes. On 10 April at 1021, an image from the NOAA 10 polar orbiting weather satellite showed a plume extending 20-30 km SW from the Kliuchevskoi/Bezymianny area.

Geological Summary. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.

Information Contacts: S. Fedotov and N. Zharinov, IV; W. Gould, NOAA/NESDIS.