Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — March 1988
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 3 (March 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Poas (Costa Rica) Phreatic explosions continue from crater lake
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Poas (Costa Rica) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198803-345040
10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2697 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Small phreatic eruptions from the hot crater lake remained frequent in early April, and fumarolic activity was continuing. Magnitude 5.1 and 5.5 earthquakes centered roughly 100 km SW and 175 km SSE on 2 and 11 March had no apparent effect on volcanic activity.
Geological Summary. The broad vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the complex stratovolcano extends to the lower N flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, last erupted about 7,500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since an eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.
Information Contacts: Guillermo Alvarado I., ICE.