Report on Bulusan (Philippines) — June 1988
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 6 (June 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Bulusan (Philippines) Strong seismicity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Bulusan (Philippines). In: McClelland, L. (ed.), Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198806-273010.
12.769°N, 124.056°E; summit elev. 1535 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
High levels of seismicity have persisted at Bulusan for the past 2 months. Volcanic earthquakes averaged 70/day with peak numbers of events reported on 26 April and 9 June. Seismic activity has not been as high since 24 February when one large event of Rossi-Forel intensity V and 80 smaller events were recorded at Bulusan (13:2).
On 26 April, 535 high-frequency and 37 low-frequency volcanic earthquakes, and one harmonic tremor episode were recorded by the San Benon Observatory (5.1 km SW of the crater). Three of these large-amplitude events were felt at intensity I (San Benon) and two events at intensity II (Bulusan Lake, 5.9 km SE of the crater). Several strong pulses of seismicity were noted in May and June: 1-11 May, 12-22 May, 25 May-1 June, and 5 June to July. These pulses may be attributed to fracturing within the caldera or within defined faults along the SE caldera rim. Epicentral plots clustered in two areas; one 6 km SE of the crater and the other 3 km NW of the crater. Depths ranged from 3 to 5 km. The seismic network recorded 233 volcanic earthquakes on 9 June. On 16 June, one of the day's 42 recorded volcanic events was felt at intensity I at San Benon, and on 17 June a tectonic earthquake was felt at intensity II at the Bulusan Lake Station.
Steam emission generally was profuse. The latest EDM data (19 June) suggest a slight inflationary trend for Bulusan.
Geologic Background. Luzon's southernmost volcano, Bulusan, was constructed along the rim of the 11-km-diameter dacitic-to-rhyolitic Irosin caldera, which was formed about 36,000 years ago. It lies at the SE end of the Bicol volcanic arc occupying the peninsula of the same name that forms the elongated SE tip of Luzon. A broad, flat moat is located below the topographically prominent SW rim of Irosin caldera; the NE rim is buried by the andesitic complex. Bulusan is flanked by several other large intracaldera lava domes and cones, including the prominent Mount Jormajan lava dome on the SW flank and Sharp Peak to the NE. The summit is unvegetated and contains a 300-m-wide, 50-m-deep crater. Three small craters are located on the SE flank. Many moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the mid-19th century.
Information Contacts: PHIVOLCS.