Report on Irazu (Costa Rica) — September 1988
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 9 (September 1988)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Irazu (Costa Rica) Fumarolic activity continues; rain forms two crater lakes
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1988. Report on Irazu (Costa Rica) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 13:9. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198809-345060
9.979°N, 83.852°W; summit elev. 3436 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
For the past several years, fumarolic activity on the NW flank has continued unchanged. Because of intense precipitation during August and September, small greenish lakes have recently formed in the main crater and Diego de la Haya crater. No signs of solfataric degassing have been observed in the lakes.
Geological Summary. The massive Irazú volcano in Costa Rica, immediately E of the capital city of San José, covers an area of 500 km2 and is vegetated to within a few hundred meters of its broad summit crater complex. At least 10 satellitic cones are located on its S flank. No lava effusion is known since the eruption of the Cervantes lava flows from S-flank vents about 14,000 years ago, and all known Holocene eruptions have been explosive. The focus of eruptions at the summit crater complex has migrated to the W towards the main crater, which contains a small lake. The first well-documented eruption occurred in 1723, and frequent explosive eruptions have occurred since. Ashfall from the last major eruption during 1963-65 caused significant disruption to San José and surrounding areas. Phreatic activity reported in 1994 may have been a landslide event from the fumarolic area on the NW summit (Fallas et al., 2018).
Information Contacts: G. Soto, Escuela Centroamericana de Geologia & Red Sismologica Nacional, Univ de Costa Rica.