Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) — July 1989
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 14, no. 7 (July 1989)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Karangetang (Indonesia) Flowing lava; white-gray plumes
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1989. Report on Karangetang (Indonesia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 14:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198907-267020.
2.781°N, 125.407°E; summit elev. 1797 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
White to sometimes gray emissions under low-medium pressure rose to 250 m above the crater, often accompanied by glowing lava that was clearly seen at night. Earthquakes of MM I-II were felt on 14 July at 2240, 22 July at 1323 and 26 July at 1915. The type and number of earthquakes recorded were: 45 distant tectonic, 20 local tectonic, and one degassing. The volcano's level of activity appeared to be decreasing and was lower than normal in late July.
Geologic Background. Karangetang (Api Siau) volcano lies at the northern end of the island of Siau, about 125 km NNE of the NE-most point of Sulawesi island. The stratovolcano contains five summit craters along a N-S line. It is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, with more than 40 eruptions recorded since 1675 and many additional small eruptions that were not documented in the historical record (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World: Neumann van Padang, 1951). Twentieth-century eruptions have included frequent explosive activity sometimes accompanied by pyroclastic flows and lahars. Lava dome growth has occurred in the summit craters; collapse of lava flow fronts have produced pyroclastic flows.
Information Contacts: VSI.