Report on Cleveland (United States) — 25 July-31 July 2007
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 July-31 July 2007
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2007. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 July-31 July 2007. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A thermal anomaly in the crater of Cleveland was visible on satellite imagery during 25-26 July. The Volcanic Alert Level remained at Watch and the Aviation Color Code remained at Orange through at least 30 July. On the 27th AVO noted that low-level eruptive activity continued. Three small SO2 clouds produced by small explosions on 20 July were detected in OMI satellite data provided by the University of Maryland Baltimore County. No further explosive activity had been detected by the OMI sensor since that time. AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest.
Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.