Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — 13 August-19 August 2008
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 13 August-19 August 2008
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2008. Report on Bezymianny (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 13 August-19 August 2008. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on observations of satellite imagery, KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly detected over Bezymianny's lava dome was strong during 9-14 August. Seismic activity was slightly above background levels during 10-14 August, possibly indicating that hot avalanches occurred. The Level of Concern Color Code remained at Orange.
Based on observations of satellite imagery and information from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that on 19 August, an eruption plume rose to an altitude of 7.9 km (26,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.
Geologic Background. Prior to its noted 1955-56 eruption, Bezymianny had been considered extinct. The modern volcano, much smaller in size than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi, was formed about 4700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an ancestral edifice built about 11,000-7000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large horseshoe-shaped crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.