Report on Karymsky (Russia) — 23 June-29 June 2010
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 23 June-29 June 2010
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2010. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 23 June-29 June 2010. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on analysis of satellite imagery, KVERT reported a thermal anomaly over the volcano during 17, 19-20, and 22-23 June. Small ash clouds 10 x 8 km and 12 x 5.5 km in dimension were seen E of the volcano on 17 and 23 June, respectively. Based on information from KEMSD, the Tokyo VAAC reported that an eruption on 29 June produced a plume that rose to an altitude of 7 km (23,000 ft) a.s.l. Ash was not identified on satellite imagery. The Aviation Color Code level remained at Orange.
Geologic Background. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.