Report on Cleveland (United States) — 25 June-1 July 2014
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 June-1 July 2014
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2014. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 25 June-1 July 2014. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported earlier in June that an explosion from Cleveland on the evening of 5 June was detected on the Dillingham acoutstic infrasound array and at seismic stations at Korovin volcano. The brief event was similar to previous explosions at Cleveland, and generated a small detached plume with a weak ash signal observed in satellite imagery. The cloud was at an altitude of about 7.6 km (25,000 ft) a.s.l., had moved about 140 km SW, and rapidly dissipated. The last previous explosion at was 6 March, seen by residents of Nikolski who reported small ash puffs.
Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 Cleveland produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.