Report on Guallatiri (Chile) — 27 May-2 June 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 May-2 June 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Guallatiri (Chile). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 May-2 June 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
18.42°S, 69.092°W; summit elev. 6071 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
OVDAS-SERNAGEOMIN reported that at 0004 and 0517 on 31 May volcano-tectonic events at Guallatiri with local magnitudes of 3.5 and 3.7, respectively, were detected by the seismic network. Very minor deformation was also detected. No other changes were observed in recent months; white plumes continued to rise 200 m. The Alert Level was raised to Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-color scale).
Geologic Background. One of northern Chile's most active volcanoes, Volcán Guallatiri is a symmetrical ice-clad stratovolcano at the SW end of the Nevados de Quimsachata volcano group. It lies just W of the border with Bolivia and is capped by a central dacitic dome or lava complex, with the active vent situated on its S side. Thick lava flows are prominent on the lower N and W flanks of the andesitic-to-rhyolitic volcano. Minor explosive eruptions have been reported since the beginning of the 19th century. Intense fumarolic activity with "jet-like" noises continues, and numerous solfataras extend more than 300 m down the W flank.