Report on Lascar (Chile) — 28 October-3 November 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 28 October-3 November 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Lascar (Chile). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 28 October-3 November 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
23.37°S, 67.73°W; summit elev. 5592 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
OVDAS-SERNAGEOMIN reported that at 0932 on 30 October the webcam recorded an ash plume rising 2.5 km above Láscar and drifting NE. A low-to-moderate-level seismic signal accompanied the emission. The Alert Level was raised to Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-color scale). ONEMI declared a Yellow Alert for the municipality of San Pedro de Atacama.
Geologic Background. Láscar is the most active volcano of the northern Chilean Andes. The andesitic-to-dacitic stratovolcano contains six overlapping summit craters. Prominent lava flows descend its NW flanks. An older, higher stratovolcano 5 km E, Volcán Aguas Calientes, displays a well-developed summit crater and a probable Holocene lava flow near its summit (de Silva and Francis, 1991). Láscar consists of two major edifices; activity began at the eastern volcano and then shifted to the western cone. The largest eruption took place about 26,500 years ago, and following the eruption of the Tumbres scoria flow about 9000 years ago, activity shifted back to the eastern edifice, where three overlapping craters were formed. Frequent small-to-moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the mid-19th century, along with periodic larger eruptions that produced ashfall hundreds of kilometers away. The largest historical eruption took place in 1993, producing pyroclastic flows to 8.5 km NW of the summit and ashfall in Buenos Aires.