Report on Awu (Indonesia) — 2 November-8 November 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 November-8 November 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Awu (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 2 November-8 November 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
3.689°N, 125.447°E; summit elev. 1318 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
PVMBG reported that seismicity at Awu fluctuated but declined during 1-30 October; the maximum number of shallow and deep volcanic earthquakes were eight and three, respectively, which were in the normal range. Solfatara plumes rose as high as 25 m above the vent. The Alert Level was lowered to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) on 31 October.
Geologic Background. The massive Gunung Awu stratovolcano occupies the northern end of Great Sangihe Island, the largest of the Sangihe arc. Deep valleys that form passageways for lahars dissect the flanks of the volcano, which was constructed within a 4.5-km-wide caldera. Powerful explosive eruptions in 1711, 1812, 1856, 1892, and 1966 produced devastating pyroclastic flows and lahars that caused more than 8000 cumulative fatalities. Awu contained a summit crater lake that was 1 km wide and 172 m deep in 1922, but was largely ejected during the 1966 eruption.