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Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) — 1 November-7 November 2006

Atka Volcanic Complex

Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 November-7 November 2006
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 November-7 November 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Weekly Report (1 November-7 November 2006)

Atka Volcanic Complex

United States

52.331°N, 174.139°W; summit elev. 1518 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

The number of daily earthquakes increased in July and remained elevated into November. Episodes of volcanic tremor that first occurred in September increased in number, strength, and duration in the past several weeks. On 28 October, residents of Atka observed steam emissions to many hundreds of meters above the summit. On 6 November, the AVO raised the Aviation Level of Concern Color Code to Yellow and the Volcanic Alert Level to Advisory due to the high seismicity and steam emissions.

Geological Summary. The Atka Volcanic Complex consists of a central shield and Pleistocene caldera and four notable volcanic cones. A major explosive dacitic eruption accompanied formation of the caldera about 500,000 to 300,000 years ago; approximately half of the caldera rime remains, open towards the NW. The Sarichef cone, ~5 km ESE of the caldera rim, retains a symmetrical profile, unlike most other heavily eroded features outside the caldera to the S and W. The Kliuchef stratovolcano grew within the caldera and exhibits five eruptive vents striking NE, including two at the summit, that have been active in the Holocene. A 700-m-diameter crater 1 km NE of the summit may have been the source vent for a large 1812 CE eruption. Hot springs and fumaroles are located on the flanks of Kliuchef and in a glacial valley to the SW. The most frequently active volcano of the complex is Korovin, at the NE tip of Atka Island about 5 km N of Kliuchef. An 800-m-diameter crater on the SE side of the summit contains a deep circular pit that sometimes contains a crater lake thought to be the source of phreatic ash explosions. The smaller Konia cone, slightly offset to the E, lies between Kliuchef and Korovin. Most of the lava flows in the complex are basaltic, though some dacitic flows are also present.

Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)