Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) — 1 November-7 November 2006
Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 November-7 November 2006
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2006. Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 1 November-7 November 2006. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
Atka Volcanic Complex
52.331°N, 174.139°W; summit elev. 1518 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The number of daily earthquakes increased in July and remained elevated into November. Episodes of volcanic tremor that first occurred in September increased in number, strength, and duration in the past several weeks. On 28 October, residents of Atka observed steam emissions to many hundreds of meters above the summit. On 6 November, the AVO raised the Aviation Level of Concern Color Code to Yellow and the Volcanic Alert Level to Advisory due to the high seismicity and steam emissions.
Geological Summary. The Atka Volcanic Complex consists of a central shield and Pleistocene caldera with several post-caldera volcanoes. A major dacitic explosive eruption accompanied formation of the caldera about 500,000 to 300,000 years ago. The most prominent of the post-caldera stratovolcanoes are Kliuchef and Sarichef, both of which may have been active in historical time. Sarichef has a symmetrical profile, but the less eroded Kliuchef is the source of most if not all historical eruptions. Kliuchef may have been active on occasion simultaneously with Korovin volcano to the north. Hot springs and fumaroles are located on the flanks of Mount Kliuchef and in a glacial valley SW of Kliuchef. Korovin, at the NE tip of Atka Island, is the most frequently active volcano of the complex, and contains a double summit with two craters. The NW summit has a small crater, but the 1-km-wide crater of the SE cone has an open cylindrical vent of widely variable depth that sometimes contains a crater lake or a high magma column. A fresh-looking cinder cone lies on the flank of the partially dissected Konia volcano, located on the SE flank of the dominantly basaltic Korovin. Some late-stage dacitic lava flows are present on both Korovin and Konia.