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Report on Bagana (Papua New Guinea) — 17 February-23 February 2010


Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
17 February-23 February 2010
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2010. Report on Bagana (Papua New Guinea). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 17 February-23 February 2010. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Weekly Report (17 February-23 February 2010)


Papua New Guinea

6.137°S, 155.196°E; summit elev. 1855 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

RVO reported that white vapor from Bagana was emitted during 1-21 February. Ash plumes were seen on 5 February and night-time incandescence was seen on 2, 12, 13, and 19 February. Sulfur dioxide plumes drifted ENE during 11-20 February and NNW on 20 and 21 February.

Geological Summary. Bagana volcano, occupying a remote portion of central Bougainville Island, is one of Melanesia's youngest and most active volcanoes. This massive symmetrical cone was largely constructed by an accumulation of viscous andesitic lava flows. The entire edifice could have been constructed in about 300 years at its present rate of lava production. Eruptive activity is frequent and characterized by non-explosive effusion of viscous lava that maintains a small lava dome in the summit crater, although explosive activity occasionally producing pyroclastic flows also occurs. Lava flows form dramatic, freshly preserved tongue-shaped lobes up to 50 m thick with prominent levees that descend the flanks on all sides.

Source: Rabaul Volcano Observatory (RVO)