Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — 7 April-13 April 2010
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
7 April-13 April 2010
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2010. Report on Dukono (Indonesia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 7 April-13 April 2010. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
1.693°N, 127.894°E; summit elev. 1229 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The Darwin VAAC reported that on 9 April an ash plume from Dukono was seen on satellite imagery drifting over 220 km NE at an altitude of 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l. During 10-12 April ash plumes rose to altitudes of 1.5-2.1 km (5,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 20-75 km NE.
Geological Summary. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, occurred from 1933 until at least the mid-1990s, when routine observations were curtailed. During a major eruption in 1550, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the north-flank cone of Gunung Mamuya. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.