Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — 16 March-22 March 2011
Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 16 March-22 March 2011
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2011. Report on Dukono (Indonesia) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 16 March-22 March 2011. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
1.6992°N, 127.8783°E; summit elev. 1273 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on analyses of satellite imagery, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 18-19 March ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 37-75 km NW, N, and NE.
Geological Summary. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have occurred since 1933. During a major eruption in 1550 CE, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the N-flank Gunung Mamuya cone. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.