Report on Cleveland (United States) — 14 October-20 October 2015
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
14 October-20 October 2015
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2015. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 14 October-20 October 2015. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that strongly elevated temperatures at Cleveland had not been detected since 18 August, and moderately elevated temperatures have been observed with decreasing regularity since then (30 September was the most recent instance). In addition, explosive activity, as detected by infrasound, last occurred on 6 August. Due to the declining activity and indications that lave effusion likely had stopped, AVO lowered the Level of Concern Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory on 14 October.
Geological Summary. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.
Source: US Geological Survey Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO)