Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — 20 April-26 April 2016
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
20 April-26 April 2016
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2016. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 20 April-26 April 2016. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
KVERT reported that Strombolian explosions and gas-and-steam emission continued to be observed at Klyuchevskoy during 15-21 April. Satellite images showed an intense daily thermal anomaly over the volcano, and a robust gas-and-steam plume containing ash drifting 55 km NE on 15 April. At 0140 on 25 April a strong explosion generated an ash plume that rose to altitudes of 8-9 km (26,200-29,500 km) a.s.l. and, by 1428, had drifted over 450 km SW. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange.
Geological Summary. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.