Report on Cleveland (United States) — 27 December-2 January 2018
Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 December-2 January 2018
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2017. Report on Cleveland (United States) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 December-2 January 2018. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that on 27 and 31 December 2017 and 1 January 2018 elevated surface temperatures in Cleveland's summit crater were identified in satellite data; no other activity was noted using satellite data during 28 December 2017-2 January 2018, though weather clouds often hindered observations. Seismic and infrasound data were at background levels. The Aviation Color Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.
Geological Summary. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.