Report on Cleveland (United States) — 4 April-10 April 2018
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
4 April-10 April 2018
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Cleveland (United States). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 4 April-10 April 2018. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
52.825°N, 169.944°W; summit elev. 1730 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
AVO reported that seismic and infrasound sensors recorded a small explosion at Cleveland at 0355 on 4 April. A subsequent satellite image indicated that hot material ejected from the event was deposited on the W flank, possibly reaching the coastline. A small ash cloud drifted SW at or below 4.6 km (15,000 ft) a.s.l. The Aviation Color Code was raised to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level was raised to Watch. Hours later, a small, short-duration seismic event coupled with satellite data suggested a small ash emission. The Alert level was lowered back to Yellow/Advisory on 6 April due to no further signs of activity.
Geological Summary. The beautifully symmetrical Mount Cleveland stratovolcano is situated at the western end of the uninhabited Chuginadak Island. It lies SE across Carlisle Pass strait from Carlisle volcano and NE across Chuginadak Pass strait from Herbert volcano. Joined to the rest of Chuginadak Island by a low isthmus, Cleveland is the highest of the Islands of the Four Mountains group and is one of the most active of the Aleutian Islands. The native name, Chuginadak, refers to the Aleut goddess of fire, who was thought to reside on the volcano. Numerous large lava flows descend the steep-sided flanks. It is possible that some 18th-to-19th century eruptions attributed to Carlisle should be ascribed to Cleveland (Miller et al., 1998). In 1944 it produced the only known fatality from an Aleutian eruption. Recent eruptions have been characterized by short-lived explosive ash emissions, at times accompanied by lava fountaining and lava flows down the flanks.