Report on Chikurachki (Russia) — 29 June-5 July 2022
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
29 June-5 July 2022
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2022. Report on Chikurachki (Russia). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 29 June-5 July 2022. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
50.324°N, 155.461°E; summit elev. 1781 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
An explosive phase at Chikurachki began at 1230 on 30 June (local time), prompting KVERT to raise the Aviation Color Code to Orange (the second highest level on a four-color scale). Ash plumes from the explosions rose to 4.5 km (14,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted 300 km W and 50 km SSE. Activity declined by 1230 on 1 July. Gas-and-steam emissions were visible during 2-5 July; the Aviation Color Code was lowered to Yellow on 4 July and then to Green the next day.
Geological Summary. Chikurachki, the highest volcano on Paramushir Island in the northern Kuriles, is a relatively small cone constructed on a high Pleistocene edifice. Oxidized basaltic-to-andesitic scoria deposits covering the upper part of the young cone give it a distinctive red color. Frequent basaltic Plinian eruptions have occurred during the Holocene. Lava flows have reached the sea and formed capes on the NW coast; several young lava flows are also present on the E flank beneath a scoria deposit. The Tatarinov group of six volcanic centers is located immediately to the south, and the Lomonosov cinder cone group, the source of an early Holocene lava flow that reached the saddle between it and Fuss Peak to the west, lies at the southern end of the N-S-trending Chikurachki-Tatarinov complex. In contrast to the frequently active Chikurachki, the Tatarinov centers are extensively modified by erosion and have a more complex structure. Tephrochronology gives evidence of an eruption around 1690 CE from Tatarinov, although its southern cone contains a sulfur-encrusted crater with fumaroles that were active along the margin of a crater lake until 1959.