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Nemrut Dagi

Photo of this volcano
  • Turkey
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1650 CE
  •  
  • Country
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  •  
  • 38.654°N
  • 42.229°E

  • 2948 m
    9672 ft

  • 213020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nemrut Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nemrut Dagi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nemrut Dagi.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 26 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

[ 1692 Apr 13 ] Uncertain Eruption

1650 Oct 27 Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode East flank (Lake Van)
1650 Oct 27 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at East flank (Lake Van)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Blocks
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - Audible Sounds

1597 (in or before) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1597 (in or before) - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava fountains
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow

1441 Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode North flank (Nemrut Boynu)
1441 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at North flank (Nemrut Boynu)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Blocks

1402 (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1402 (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

1111 Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode East flank (Lake Van)
1111 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at East flank (Lake Van)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Fissure
   - - - -    - - - - Audible Sounds
   - - - -    - - - - Tsunami

0531 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
0531 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

0657 BCE ± 25 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
0657 BCE ± 25 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

0787 BCE ± 25 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
0787 BCE ± 25 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

1396 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1396 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

1662 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1662 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

4055 BCE ± 50 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
4055 BCE ± 50 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

4321 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
4321 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

4615 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
4615 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

4849 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
4849 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

4938 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
4938 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

5085 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
5085 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

5152 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
5152 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

5242 BCE ± 75 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
5242 BCE ± 75 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

5320 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
5320 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

5745 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
5745 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

6213 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
6213 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

6471 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
6471 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

7087 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
7087 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

7579 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
7579 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

7769 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
7769 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash

9950 BCE ± 150 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
9950 BCE ± 150 years - Unknown Evidence from Sidereal: Varve Count

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Nemrut Dagi.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Nemrut Dagi.

Photo Gallery

The prominent caldera in the center of the photo is Nemrut Dagi, the westernmost of a group of volcanoes near Lake Van. Nemrut Dagi lies north of the western part of Lake Van and is the only one of the group that has erupted in historical time. The 5 x 9 km caldera is partially filled by a lake, which appears as the smooth snow-covered right side of the caldera floor in this Space Shuttle photo with north to the bottom. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions, the last of which took place in 1441 CE.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS45-80-08, 1992 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The summit of Nemrut Dagi is truncated by a 5 x 9 km caldera near Lake Van in eastern Turkey. A lake that partially fills the western side of the caldera is constrained by post-caldera eruptions that produced glassy obsidian lava flows from domes on the eastern caldera floor. A series of scoria cones and lava domes were erupted along N-S-trending fissures on the northern flank. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions from Nemrut Dagi.

NASA International Space Station image ISS001-E-6354, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The eastern half of the 8.5 × 7 km Nemrut Dagi summit caldera is partially filled with lava flows, phreatomagmatic eruption deposits, and lava domes, and the western half is filled with a lake that is seen in this June 2019 Planet Labs satellite image monthly mosaic (N is at the top). The surrounding area contains ignimbrite deposits, tephra, lava domes, and lava flows.

Satellite image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc., 2019 (https://www.planet.com/).
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Geologic Map of Turkey (Eastern Sheet)
Publisher: Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Weisbaden, Germany
Country: Turkey
Year: 1985
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Geologic Map of Turkey (Eastern Sheet)

Title: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Mid-E
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Syria, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Nemrut Dagi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites