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Harrat Khaybar

Photo of this volcano
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Western Arabia Volcanic Province
  • Cluster | Volcanic field
  • 650 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25.5°N
  • 40°E

  • 2093 m
    6867 ft

  • 231060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

0650 ± 50 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Harrat Lali
0650 ± 50 years - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at Harrat Lali

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow Uncertain
0650 ± 50 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Photo Gallery

The 4,000 km2 Harrat Ithnayn volcanic field appears in the center of this Space Shuttle image with north to the upper right. Harrat Ithnayn contains scattered shield volcanoes and scoria cones that have produced extensive lava flows, some of which are less than 4,500 years old. Harrat Ithnayn merges with the larger Harrat Khaybar volcanic field to its south, the dark partially cloud-covered area at the lower left.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS-61A-483-20 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
Harrat Khaybar, one of Saudi Arabia's largest volcanic fields, covers an area of more than 14,000 km2 to the N of Madinah (Medina). This Space Shuttle image shows the central vent area of the volcanic field. Light-colored areas at the center of the image show lava domes and tuff rings; above this area is Jabal Qidr volcano. The lava flows extending to the W from the central vent area are young prehistoric and historic. An eruption was reported in early Mohammedan times during the 7th century CE.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS38-74-6, 1990 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
Light-colored lapilli deposits mantle the Jabal Bayda ("White Mountain") tuff cone; a lava dome is visible within the crater. Jabal Bayda and the Jabal Abyad lava dome (upper left) are part of the 14,000 km2 Harrat Khaybar volcanic field, located N of the city of Madinah (Medina). A 100-km-long N-S linear vent system in Harrat Khaybar contains lava domes, tuff rings, the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, and numerous small basaltic cones.

Copyrighted photo by Michael Fenton, USGS (courtesy Earth Science World Image Bank http://www.earthscienceworld.org/images)
The central area of the 14,000 km2 Harrat Khaybar volcanic field is shown in this December 2020 Planet Labs satellite image monthly mosaic (N is at the top; this image is approximately 49 km across). This area contains tuff rings and maars from phreatomagmatic activity and scoria cones, with some more recent lava flows. The larger light-colored crater near the center is Jabal Bayda, and the cone that produced the black lava flows to the north is Jabal Qidr.

Satellite image courtesy of Planet Labs Inc., 2020 (https://www.planet.com/).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Khaybar in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites