Harrat Khaybar

Photo of this volcano
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Middle East and Indian Ocean
  • Volcanic field
  • 650 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25°N
  • 39.92°E

  • 2093 m
    6865 ft

  • 231060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0650 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Harrat Lali
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Khaybar.

Photo Gallery

The 4000 sq km Harrat Ithnayn volcanic field appears in the center of this Space Shuttle image with north to the upper right. Harrat Ithnayn contains scattered shield volcanoes and scoria cones that have produced extensive lava flows, some of which are less than 4500 years old. Harrat Ithnayn merges with the larger Harrat Khaybar volcanic field to its south, the dark partially cloud-covered area at the lower left.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS-61A-483-20 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Harrat Khaybar, one of Saudi Arabia's largest volcanic fields, covers an area of more than 14,000 sq km north of Madinah (Medina). This Space Shuttle image shows the central vent area of the volcanic field. Light-colored areas at the center of the image show felsic lava domes and tuff rings; above this area is the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano. The lava flows extending westward from the central vent area are young prehistorical and historical in age. An eruption was reported in early Mohammedan times during the 7th century CE.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS38-74-6, 1990 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
Light-colored lapilli deposits of the Jabal Bayda ("White Mountain") tuff cone have been mistaken for a snow-capped peak. A small lava dome was constructed within the crater. Jabal Bayda and the Jabal Abyad lava dome (upper left) are part of the 14,000 sq km Harrat Khaybar volcanic field, located north of the city of Madinah (Medina). A spectacular 100-km-long N-S linear vent system in Harrat Khaybar contains felsic lava domes, tuff rings, the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, as well as numerous small basaltic cones.

Copyrighted photo by Michael Fenton, USGS (courtesy Earth Science World Image Bank http://www.earthscienceworld.org/images)
See title for photo information.
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Khaybar in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites