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Harrat Rahat

Photo of this volcano
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Middle East and Indian Ocean
  • Volcanic field
  • 1256 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 23.08°N
  • 39.78°E

  • 1744 m
    5722 ft

  • 231070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Harrat Rahat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Rahat.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Harrat Rahat.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1292 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Near Madinah
1256 Jun 5 1256 Jul 27 (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fissure 20 km SE of Madinah
0641 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations West of Madinah
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Harrat Rahat.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Harrat Rahat.

Photo Gallery

The northern part of Saudi Arabia's largest lava field, 20,000 sq km Harrat Rahat, is seen in this Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left). Harrat Rahat extends for 300 km south of the holy city of Madinah (Medina), the light-colored area at the top-center. Although basaltic scoria cones dominate Harrat Rahat, small shield volcanoes and pelean-type lava domes are also present. The best-known eruption took place in 1256 CE, when the large dark-colored flow seen extending to the upper right traveled 23 km to within 4 km of Madinah.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS001-344-27, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Geologic Map of the Cenozoic Lava Field of Harrat Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1991
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Cenozoic Lava Field of Harrat Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Title: Harrat Rahat, Saudi Arabia, Geol Map of the Cenozoic Lava Field
Publisher: Min of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, S Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1991
Series: GM
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Harrat Rahat, Saudi Arabia, Geol Map of the Cenozoic Lava Field

Title: Geologic Map ot the Saudi Arabian Shield
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1989
Series: Professional Paper 560-A
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geologic Map ot the Saudi Arabian Shield

Title: Map of Cenozoic Igneous Rocks of Saudi Arabia
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1989
Series: Professional Paper 560-A
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Map of Cenozoic Igneous Rocks of Saudi Arabia

Title: Geologic Map of the Rabigh Quadrangle, Sheet 22D, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1986
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Rabigh Quadrangle, Sheet 22D, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Title: Geologic Map of the Rabigh Quad, Sheet 22D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1986
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geologic Map of the Rabigh Quad, Sheet 22D, Saudi Arabia

Title: Geographic Map of the Umm Al Birak Quad, Sheet 23D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1985
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Umm Al Birak Quad, Sheet 23D, Saudi Arabia

Title: Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: Dept Min for Mineral Resources, MPMR, Saudi Arabia
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Arabian Peninsula

Title: Geographic Map of the Rabigh Quad, Sheet 22D, Saudi Arabia
Publisher: Saudi Arabia Min. of Petrol. and Mineral Resources
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1984
Series: Geoscience Maps
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Geographic Map of the Rabigh Quad, Sheet 22D, Saudi Arabia

Title: Egypt, Ethiopia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen Arab Rep.
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: N Africa
Year: 1981
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Egypt, Ethiopia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen Arab Rep.

Title: Arabian Peninsula
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: Arabia
Year: 1963
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Arabian Peninsula

Title: Persian Gulf
Publisher: Aeronautical Chart and Information Center U.S. Air Force
Country: Arabia
Year: 1958
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Persian Gulf

Title: Mecca
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Saudi Arabia
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Mecca

Title: Clermont-Ferrand
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: France
Year: 1943
Series: AMS M661
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Clermont-Ferrand
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Harrat Rahat in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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