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Photo of this volcano
  • Tonga
  • New Zealand to Fiji
  • Submarine
  • 1936 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.32°S
  • 175.42°W

  • -17 m
    -56 ft

  • 243050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Fonuafo'ou.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fonuafo'ou.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Fonuafo'ou.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 9 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1936 Jun Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1933 Apr Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1927 Oct 4 1928 Sep (in or after) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1921 Nov ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
[ 1894 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
1885 Oct 12 (?) 1886 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1877 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1865 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
[ 1781 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Fonuafo'ou.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Fonuafo'ou.

Photo Gallery

The active crater of Fonuafo'ou (formerly known as Falcon Island) through the SE breach and a plume that is dispersed to the NW by dominant SE Trade Winds. The ephemeral island in the central part of the Tonga Islands had been named after the British vessel H.M.S. Falcon, which reported the shoal in 1865. This volcano has been the site of eruptions on at least two occasions since the 19th century. By 1949 the island had eroded beneath sea level, but the summit of the volcano remains at shallow depths.

Photo by A. Thompson (published in Taylor and Ewart, 1997).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Fiji
Year: 1986
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga

Title: Tonga Region, Topo of
Publisher: USGS-CCOP/SOPAC S. Pacific Project
Country: Tonga
Year: 1982
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:1,800,000
Map of Tonga Region, Topo of
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Fonuafo'ou in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites