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Salak

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Composite (Stratovolcano)
  • 1938 CE
  • Country
  • Landform (Volc Type)
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.716°S
  • 106.733°E

  • 2218 m
    7277 ft

  • 263050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Weekly Report: 4 July-10 July 2007 Citation IconCite this Report

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Reuters


Most Recent Bulletin Report: September 2007 (BGVN 32:09) Citation IconCite this Report

Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007

The last eruption at Salak, a stratovolcano near the W end of Java (figure 1), was in 1938, and the volcano remains in repose. According to news articles, sulfur-gas poisoning from a fume-filled crater was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July 2007. The victims, who were between the ages of 14 and 16, were part of a group of about 50 students camping on the volcano for the weekend. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Satellite imagery from Google Earth showing Salak (center, ~60 km SSW of Jakarta) and other volcanoes of western Java. Courtesy of Google Earth.

Information Contacts: Reuters (URL: http://www.reuters.com/); Asia-Pacific News (URL: http://www.asiapacificnews.com/); Associated Press (URL: http://www.ap.org/); Deutsche-Presse Agentur (URL: http://www.dpa.de/).

Weekly Reports - Index


2007: July


4 July-10 July 2007 Citation IconCite this Report

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur; Reuters


Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

09/2007 (BGVN 32:09) Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


September 2007 (BGVN 32:09) Citation IconCite this Report

Six gas-related fatalities during July 2007

The last eruption at Salak, a stratovolcano near the W end of Java (figure 1), was in 1938, and the volcano remains in repose. According to news articles, sulfur-gas poisoning from a fume-filled crater was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July 2007. The victims, who were between the ages of 14 and 16, were part of a group of about 50 students camping on the volcano for the weekend. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Satellite imagery from Google Earth showing Salak (center, ~60 km SSW of Jakarta) and other volcanoes of western Java. Courtesy of Google Earth.

Information Contacts: Reuters (URL: http://www.reuters.com/); Asia-Pacific News (URL: http://www.asiapacificnews.com/); Associated Press (URL: http://www.ap.org/); Deutsche-Presse Agentur (URL: http://www.dpa.de/).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 5 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1938 Jan 31 ± 5 days Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1938 Jan 31 ± 5 days - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at Kawah Cikaluwung Putri

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Phreatic activity
1938 Jan 31 ± 5 days    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
2007 Jul 7    - - - - Fatalities

1935 Feb Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1935 Feb - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Kawah Cikaluwung Putri

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Phreatic activity
1935 Feb    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1919 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kawah Ratu
1919 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Kawah Ratu

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Phreatic activity
1919    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1902 - 1903 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kawah Ratu
1902 - 1903 Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Kawah Ratu

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Phreatic activity
1902    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1780 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Kawah Ratu
1780 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at Kawah Ratu

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
1780    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

[ 1699 Jan 5 ] Uncertain Eruption

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Salak 3
1699 Jan 5 - Unknown Evidence from Unknown

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Salak 3

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquakes (undefined) Time and Type Unknown.
   - - - -    - - - - Lahar or Mudflow
   - - - -    - - - - Property Damage
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Salak.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Salak.

Photo Gallery

The eroded Gunung Salak volcano lies at the NE end of a dissected volcanic range in western Java. Historical eruptions have been restricted to craters in solfataric areas on Its western flank.

Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1971.
Salak is a strongly eroded volcano in western Java with flank cones on the SW flank and northern foot. Its summit crater is dormant and historical eruptions have been restricted to phreatic explosions from craters in a solfataric area at 1400 m on the western flank.

Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1971.
The deeply eroded Gunung Perbakti (center) rises above forests to its N, flanked by Gunung Endut (left) and Gunung Salak (right) volcanoes. Perbakti and Endut are part of the Perbatkti-Gagak volcanic complex. The summit ridge of Perbakti is elongated in a NW-SE direction, and Endut volcano rises to the SW of Perbakti. Phreatic explosions have occurred during historical time at the Perbakti-Gagak complex as well as geothermal activity.

Anonymous, 1989.
An aerial view from the west shows the profile eroded Salak volcano. Two craters trending SW and NE truncate the summit of the volcano.

Anonymous, 1989.
Gunung Salak is seen here from a village on the NE flank. Smaller cones are on the SW flank and at the northern foot of the forested, extensively eroded volcano. Two large breached craters are at the summit. Historical eruptions from have consisted of phreatic explosions from craters on the western flank. Salak volcano has been the site of extensive geothermal exploration.

Photo courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1982.
Two large breached craters truncate the summit of Gunung Salak. Historical eruptions from have consisted of phreatic explosions from craters on the western flank. Salak volcano has been the site of extensive geothermal exploration.

Photo by Cahya Patria, 2005 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 86577 Rhyolite -- --
External Sites