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Wudalianchi

Photo of this volcano
  • China
  • Cluster (Volcanic field)
  • 1776 CE
  • Country
  • Landform (Volc Type)
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.722°N
  • 126.15°E

  • 597 m
    1959 ft

  • 305030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Wudalianchi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Wudalianchi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Wudalianchi.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1776 Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Laoheishan
1776 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 5 Events for Episode 1 at Laoheishan

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice
   - - - -    - - - - Evacuations
1776    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

1720 Jan 14 - 1721 Jun Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 3

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan
1720 Jan 14 - 1721 Jun Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 10 Events for Episode 1 at Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Phreatic activity
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
   - - - -    - - - - Lapilli
   - - - -    - - - - Bombs
   - - - -    - - - - Scoria
   - - - -    - - - - Lightning
   - - - -    - - - - Earthquakes (undefined)
1720 Jan 14    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Wudalianchi.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Wudalianchi.

Photo Gallery

The Pleistocene Nangelaqiushan scoria cone contains a 500-m-wide flat-bottomed crater, is one of many cones forming the Wudalianchi volcanic field in Manchuria, NE China. The cones show a preferred alignment along three parallel NE-SW trends. The Wudalianchi volcanic field was named for five scenic lakes dammed by lava flows during a 1719-21 eruption, which formed two new scoria cones and produced a 65 km2 lava field.

Photo courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark, Sul Ross State University, Texas (published in Feng et al., 1979).
Recent lava flows surround the Laoheishan scoria cone, one of which formed during 1719-21. Four radial fissures, two of which are seen in this view from the north, were the source of most of the 1719-21 Shilong lava flows, which cover a 65 km2 area surrounding Laoheishan and the Huoshaoshan scoria cone to the NE. The dominantly pahoehoe lava flows, many of which were tube-fed, blocked local drainages and formed several small lakes at the eastern and northern margins of the lava field.

Photo courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark, Sul Ross State University, Texas (published in Feng et al., 1979).
Laoheishan is one of two scoria cones that formed during the 1719-21 eruption of the Wudalianchi volcanic field and contains a 350-m-wide, 145-m-deep summit crater. A smaller vegetated crater on the NE flank can be seen to the lower left. Laoheishan formed a large portion of an extensive lava field that surrounds it and Huoshaoshan, the other scoria cone that formed during the eruption.

Photo courtesy of Jim Whitford-Stark, Sul Ross State University, Texas (published in Feng et al., 1979).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Wudalianchi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites