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Naolinco Volcanic Field

Photo of this volcano
  • Mexico
  • Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt
  • Cluster | Volcanic field
  • 1200 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.67°N
  • 96.75°W

  • 2000 m
    6562 ft

  • 341095
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1200 BCE ± 100 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Rincón de Chapultepec
1200 BCE ± 100 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (calibrated)

List of 6 Events for Episode 1 at Rincón de Chapultepec

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Pyroclastic flow
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Scoria
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Photo Gallery

The Naolinco Volcanic Field consists of a broad area of scattered Quaternary cones and associated lava flows north of the city of Jalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz. Cerro Acatlán in the distance is the largest cone, and is located NE of the town of Naolinco de Victoria. This and other nearby cones have fed lava flows that traveled to the S and SE. The barren area in the foreground is part of the Río Naolinco lava flow, which erupted from vents on the NE flank of Cofre de Perote volcano.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1999 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Coacoatzintla lava flow that fills this valley floor originated from a vent at the base of Rincón de Chapultepec crater in the foreground. It was dated to about 3,000 years ago and underlies the present-day town of Coacoatzintla, seen in front of the dark-colored hill below the right horizon. The flow, which traveled 6 km to the south, diverted around the hill (formed of limestone bedrock) into the valley of the Río Naolinco, which extends from right to left in the distance. This eruption is the youngest known from the Naolinco Volcanic Field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
The rounded ridge in the foreground is the tephra-mantled surface of a lava flow erupted from the base of the Rincón de Chapultepec scoria cone about 3,000 years ago. This 50-m-thick lobe was extruded for a distance of 2 km to the south on top of an earlier olivine-basaltic lava flow that filled the valley floor and traveled 6 km from the vent.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Rincón de Chapultepec scoria cone is seen here with a switchback road on the southern flank and is one of the younger vents within the Naolinco volcanic field. The crater rim is barely visible against the tip of a ridge of the Sierra de Chiconquiaco range on which the cone was constructed. The valley floor is underlain by tephra deposits from Rincón de Chapultepec that overlie a lava flow that issued from the base of the cone. Rincón de Chapultepec formed about 3,000 years ago.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
The Puebla Vieja cone along the horizon to the left is one of the westernmost cones of the Naolinco Volcanic Field. The forested hill in the center of the photo is the distal portion of a lava flow that traveled to the SE down the valley floor. In the foreground are exposures of the Coacoatzintla lava flow from the Rincón de Chapultepec cone.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Naolinco Volcanic Field in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites