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Snaefellsjökull

Photo of this volcano
  • Iceland
  • Composite (Stratovolcano)
  • 200 CE
  • Country
  • Landform (Volc Type)
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 64.8°N
  • 23.783°W

  • 1446 m
    4744 ft

  • 370010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Weekly Report: 11 November-17 November 2020 Citation IconCite this Report

IMO reported that the Alert Level for Snaefellsjokull was raised from Gray (insufficient monitoring) to Green (normal, non-eruptive) on 12 November, reflecting the recent installation of three seismic stations along the peninsula. The new instruments will allow for better coverage and sensitivity for the detection of seismic unrest. The Alert Level scale consists of five colors.

Source: Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO)

Weekly Reports - Index


2020: November


11 November-17 November 2020 Citation IconCite this Report

IMO reported that the Alert Level for Snaefellsjokull was raised from Gray (insufficient monitoring) to Green (normal, non-eruptive) on 12 November, reflecting the recent installation of three seismic stations along the peninsula. The new instruments will allow for better coverage and sensitivity for the detection of seismic unrest. The Alert Level scale consists of five colors.

Source: Icelandic Meteorological Office (IMO)


The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Snaefellsjökull.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 10 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

0200 ± 150 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Tephra layer Sn-1
0200 ± 150 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at Tephra layer Sn-1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow Uncertain
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice

1000 BCE ± 500 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode NW flank (Raudhólar)
1000 BCE ± 500 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at NW flank (Raudhólar)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
1000 BCE ± 500 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

2010 BCE ± 100 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Tephra layer Sn-2
2010 BCE ± 100 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at Tephra layer Sn-2

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice

2270 BCE ± 300 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode South flank (Thufuhraun)
2270 BCE ± 300 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at South flank (Thufuhraun)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
2270 BCE ± 300 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

2400 BCE ± 200 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2 (?)

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode NE flank (800 m)
2400 BCE ± 200 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at NE flank (800 m)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Cinder Cone
2400 BCE ± 200 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

2970 BCE ± 300 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode SE flank (Dagverdarahraun)
2970 BCE ± 300 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (uncalibrated)

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at SE flank (Dagverdarahraun)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
2970 BCE ± 300 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

4050 BCE (?) Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 0

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode West flank (Ondverdarnesholar)
4050 BCE (?) - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 2 Events for Episode 1 at West flank (Ondverdarnesholar)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
4050 BCE ± 1000 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

4550 BCE ± 1500 years Confirmed Eruption Max VEI: 2

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode East of Snaefellsjökull (Budaklettur)
4550 BCE ± 1500 years - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 4 Events for Episode 1 at East of Snaefellsjökull (Budaklettur)

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow
   - - - -    - - - - Lava flow Entered water.
4550 BCE ± 1000 years    - - - - VEI (Explosivity Index)

6050 BCE ± 1000 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode Tephra layer Sn-3
6050 BCE ± 1000 years - Unknown Evidence from Correlation: Tephrochronology

List of 3 Events for Episode 1 at Tephra layer Sn-3

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
   - - - -    - - - - Pumice

8460 BCE ± 200 years Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
8460 BCE ± 200 years - Unknown Evidence from Isotopic: 14C (calibrated)

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Tephra
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Snaefellsjökull.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Snaefellsjökull.

GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 115623 Olivine Tholeiite -- --
External Sites