Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — October 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 10 (October 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Poas (Costa Rica) Strong thermal activity in and around crater lake
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Poas (Costa Rica) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:10. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199210-345040
10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2697 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The level of the crater lake remained unchanged in October. Lake temperature was 75°C, 5° warmer than in September, and pH was 1.4, about the same as in August. Columns produced by small phreatic eruptions from the center of the lake rose no more than 2 m. The terraces on the N side of the lake included at least five very active cones and fumarolic vents; others were found in the hot area on the SE side. Fumarolic activity N and NW of the lake was audible from the overlook. Residents of the S, SW, and W flanks reported a sulfur odor on some days.
Geological Summary. The broad vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the complex stratovolcano extends to the lower N flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, last erupted about 7,500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since an eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.
Information Contacts: G. Soto and R. Barquero, ICE; E. Fernández, J. Barquero, and V. Barboza, OVSCIORI.