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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-00511

Submarine explosions from Kavachi volcano eject a cock’s-tail plume of water, steam, and ash above the sea surface in July 1977. Large ejected blocks are visible falling from the plume and impacting the sea surface. Similar activity was observed over a period of less than a week. Photo by W.G. Muller, 1978 (Barrier Reef Cruises, Queensland, Australia; courtesy of D. Tuni).

Submarine explosions from Kavachi volcano eject a cock’s-tail plume of water, steam, and ash above the sea surface in July 1977. Large ejected blocks are visible falling from the plume and impacting the sea surface. Similar activity was observed over a period of less than a week.

Photo by W.G. Muller, 1978 (Barrier Reef Cruises, Queensland, Australia; courtesy of D. Tuni).

Creative Commons Icon This image is made available under the Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 license terms.

Keywords: lava water interaction | magma water interaction | submarine eruption | Surtseyan | plume | steam | gas | cock's-tail plume | explosive eruption | ash | ballistics | ejecta | submarine eruption | plume | subaqueous eruption


Kavachi