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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-02936

Four years after the powerful 18 May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, a lava dome partially fills the crater. The dome, seen here from the north on 16 May 1984, grew during episodic periods of rapid growth that lasted from 1980 until 1986. By the end of the eruption the dome filled much of the crater floor, reaching a width of 1,100 m and a height of 250 m. Photo by Lyn Topinka, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Four years after the powerful 18 May 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, a lava dome partially fills the crater. The dome, seen here from the north on 16 May 1984, grew during episodic periods of rapid growth that lasted from 1980 until 1986. By the end of the eruption the dome filled much of the crater floor, reaching a width of 1,100 m and a height of 250 m.

Photo by Lyn Topinka, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Keywords: lava dome | collapse scarp | crater | plume | degassing


St. Helens