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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-05312

The 3 x 4.5 km Katmai caldera, seen here from its western rim, formed in 1912 by the hydraulic draining of magma away from Katmai to Novarupta 10 km W. Little if any eruptive activity took place at Katmai itself, which prior to collapse was a complex of four small overlapping stratovolcanoes. The 250-m-deep caldera lake covers a small lava dome and tuff ring that erupted on the caldera floor. Photo by Game McGimsey, 1990 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

The 3 x 4.5 km Katmai caldera, seen here from its western rim, formed in 1912 by the hydraulic draining of magma away from Katmai to Novarupta 10 km W. Little if any eruptive activity took place at Katmai itself, which prior to collapse was a complex of four small overlapping stratovolcanoes. The 250-m-deep caldera lake covers a small lava dome and tuff ring that erupted on the caldera floor.

Photo by Game McGimsey, 1990 (Alaska Volcano Observatory, U.S. Geological Survey).

Creative Commons Icon This image is made available as a Public Domain Work, but proper attribution is appreciated.

Keywords: caldera | stratovolcano | lake | crater lake


Katmai