Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-06001
Askja is a central volcano made up of the Dyngjufjöll massif and at least three calderas, the largest of which is 8 km wide. This view from the SE looks across Öskjuvatn lake within the youngest caldera that formed in 1875 during Askja's largest historical eruption. It truncates a larger caldera, whose wall is seen in the distance above the lava-covered caldera floor. The 100-km-long Askja fissure swarm, which includes the Sveinagjá graben, is also related to the Askja volcanic system.
Photo by Michael Ryan, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).
This image is made available under the Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 4.0 license terms.