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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-08635

The east side of the 8 x 12 km island of Kharimkotan has a large horseshoe-shaped crater that formed when the summit collapsed in 1933. The dark-colored lava dome in the center of the photo grew inside the caldera towards the end of the 1933 eruption. This and another horseshoe-shaped crater on the NW side of the island were formed by flank collapse events that produced debris avalanche deposits that created broad peninsulas on the E and NW coasts. Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).

The east side of the 8 x 12 km island of Kharimkotan has a large horseshoe-shaped crater that formed when the summit collapsed in 1933. The dark-colored lava dome in the center of the photo grew inside the caldera towards the end of the 1933 eruption. This and another horseshoe-shaped crater on the NW side of the island were formed by flank collapse events that produced debris avalanche deposits that created broad peninsulas on the E and NW coasts.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 1994 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).

Keywords: lava dome


Kharimkotan