Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-09101
Mount Melbourne towers above the ice shelf of the Ross Sea in Antarctica's northern Victoria Land. The 2732-m-high glacier-clad stratovolcano has a large number of scoria cones, lava domes, and viscous lava flows. Lava fields are exposed at the summit and upper flanks. A number of very young-looking cones are located at the summit and on the flanks. The volcano displays fumarolic activity, and tephra layers are found within and on top of ice layers. The most recent eruption may have been only a few hundred years ago.
Photo by Arrigo Caserta, 2000 (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Roma).