Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-11288
A sequence of pyroclastic surge deposits exposed in a sea cliff on Niijima, in the northern part of the Izu Islands of Japan. These cross-bedded layers were produced during repeated erosion and deposition by multiple pyroclastic surge events. The eruptions accompanied the formation of a lava dome at Mukaijima on the southern part of the island. The flat airfall deposits cap the exposure.
Photo by R.V. Fisher, 1979 (University of California Santa Barbara).