Activity for the week of 28 August-3 September 2002
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Updated by 2300 UTC every Wednesday, notices of volcanic activity posted on these pages are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. This is not a comprehensive list of all of Earth's volcanoes erupting during the week, but rather a summary of activity at volcanoes that meet criteria discussed in detail in the "Criteria and Disclaimers" section. Carefully reviewed, detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network.
New Activity / Unrest
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 5.05°S, 151.33°E
| Elevation 2334 m
The Darwin VAAC reported that on 28 August at 0732 a low-level ash cloud from an eruption at Ulawun was visible on satellite imagery. By 1532 the same day ash was no longer visible. According to a news article, ash eruptions had occurred on 26 August and during the previous week, but became larger on the 27th. As of the 28th, care centers were preparing for possible evacuations.
Sources: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Papua New Guinea Post-Courier Online
| 19.532°S, 169.447°E
| Elevation 361 m
An increase in activity at Yasur since October 2001 and the occurrence of a M 6 volcanic earthquake on 29 August at 1500 led scientists to increase the Alarm Level at Yasur to 3. This was the largest earthquake recorded at Yasur since seismic stations were installed in October 1992. Access to the volcano was prohibited and no evacuations were ordered.
Source: IRD Noumea via European Volcanological Society
| Western Java (Indonesia)
| 7.25°S, 108.058°E
| Elevation 2168 m
Reports that an eruption occurred at Galunggung on 23 August were incorrect. A brushfire near the volcano led observers to believe that an eruption was occurring.
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
| Hawaiian Islands (USA)
| 19.421°N, 155.287°W
| Elevation 1222 m
During 27 August to 2 September, lava flowed down Paliuli and Pulama pali, and many surface lava flows were visible on the coastal flat. Seismicity was generally at normal levels, with the swarm of long-period earthquakes and tremor that has been occurring since early June fluctuating. There were small episodes of inflation and deflation at Uwekahuna and Pu`u `O`o for several days. By 2 September Pu`u `O`o was slowly deflating.
Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)
| Central Java (Indonesia)
| 7.54°S, 110.446°E
| Elevation 2910 m
During 19-25 August, observers saw 16 incandescent lava avalanches travel predominately down Merapi's SW flank into the upstream portions of the Sat, Lamat, and Senowo rivers. The avalanches reached a maximum run-out distance of ~2.5 km. Seismicity was dominated by 187 lava avalanches. Merapi remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).
Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
| 19.023°N, 98.622°W
| Elevation 5393 m
In August there were several emissions of steam, gas, and minor amounts of ash at Popocatépetl. In addition, episodes of both harmonic and high-frequency tremor occurred. CENAPRED attributes this activity to a new lava dome that has been growing for several weeks.
Source: Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED)
| Central Kamchatka (Russia)
| 56.653°N, 161.36°E
| Elevation 3283 m
During 23-30 August, volcanic and seismic activity at Shiveluch were at similar levels to the previous week. Seismicity remained above background levels, with the occurrence of three earthquakes with magnitudes 1.7-2.1, and many smaller ones. Seismic data indicated possible avalanches and ash-and-gas explosions that may have sent material 1-2.5 km above the lava dome. Volcanic tremor decreased in comparison to the previous week. Gas-and-steam plumes rose 1-1.2 km above the lava dome. Thermal anomalies were visible on satellite imagery, but ash was not. Shiveluch remained at Concern Color Code Yellow.
Source: Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT)
| 16.72°N, 62.18°W
| Elevation 915 m
During 23-30 August, volcanic and seismic activity at Soufrière Hills remained at moderate levels. Small pyroclastic flows traveled mainly down the NE flank where they were channeled into the upper portions of Tuitt's Ghaut, although some spilled eastwards along the northern side of the Tar River Valley. Talus also continued to accumulate in the notch in the NW sector of the old lava dome, which leads towards Tyre's Ghaut. SO2 flux remained at moderate levels.
Source: Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO)
| 1.467°S, 78.442°W
| Elevation 5023 m
During 21-27 August, emissions of steam, gas, and ash continued at Tungurahua. Ash clouds reportedly rose to a maximum height of ~7.3 km a.s.l.
Source: Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC)
| New Britain (Papua New Guinea)
| 5.576°S, 150.516°E
| Elevation 724 m
The Japanese Disaster Relief Team that visited Pago during 25 August to 3 September found that lava had erupted from four of the five craters NW of the Pago Central cone that are aligned NW-SE. The largest quantity of lava was emitted from the lowest cone; lava from the cone flowed NE and then was directed SE after reaching the crater wall. Two faults were visible; one was parallel to the crater line, and the other was perpendicular to it. No eruption column was observed, only blue-white fumarolic gas was emitted. The thickest ash deposits were 2 mm thick 3 km N of the craters, and less than 1 mm thick at Hoskins airport.
Source: Volcano Research Center-Earthquake Research Institute (University of Tokyo)
Weekly Reports Archive
||Huila, Nevado del
||Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai
||Soufriere St. Vincent
||South Sarigan Seamount
|Campi Flegrei del Mar di Sicilia
||Tair, Jebel at
|Chillan, Nevados de
||Kick 'em Jenny
|Dieng Volcanic Complex
||Rincon de la Vieja
|Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]
||Lengai, Ol Doinyo
||Ruiz, Nevado del
|Fournaise, Piton de la
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Criteria & Disclaimers
The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report does not necessarily include all volcanic activity that occurred on Earth during the week. More than a dozen volcanoes globally have displayed more-or-less continuous eruptive activity for decades or longer, and such routine activity is typically not reported here. Moreover, Earth's sea-floor volcanism is seldom reported even though in theory it represents the single most prolific source of erupted material. The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report summarizes volcanic activity that meets one or more of the following criteria:
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