Report on Ebeko (Russia) — August 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 8 (August 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Ebeko (Russia) Fumarolic activity from 1989 eruption site; sulfur emissions
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Ebeko (Russia) (Venzke, E., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199308-290380.
50.686°N, 156.014°E; summit elev. 1103 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 12 and 13 August, members of an SVE team climbed the volcano and observed fumarolic activity concentrated mainly in the NW vent, the site of the 1989 eruption, and inside the S crater. Small hot water lakes (50-60°C) were present at ~950-1,000 m elev on the outer SE slope of the S crater, ~150 m below the rim. A small cold crescent-shaped lake, slightly acidic, occupied the floor of the N crater. Sulfur deposition from two fumarolic vents 25-40 m N of the hot water lakes at ~950 m elev has produced large vent structures. The smaller structure is bright-yellow, tea-kettle-shaped, and ~1 m high. Pressurized steam, consisting of water vapor and sulfur, was being emitted horizontally towards the E from a small vent opening. The larger structure is ~4-5 m high with two peaks, one on each side of the top. An elongated opening (~2 m long and 60 cm high) in the side of the edifice was emitting a large plume of sulfuric steam, but with less force than at the smaller vent.
Geologic Background. The flat-topped summit of the central cone of Ebeko volcano, one of the most active in the Kuril Islands, occupies the northern end of Paramushir Island. Three summit craters located along a SSW-NNE line form Ebeko volcano proper, at the northern end of a complex of five volcanic cones. Blocky lava flows extend west from Ebeko and SE from the neighboring Nezametnyi cone. The eastern part of the southern crater contains strong solfataras and a large boiling spring. The central crater is filled by a lake about 20 m deep whose shores are lined with steaming solfataras; the northern crater lies across a narrow, low barrier from the central crater and contains a small, cold crescentic lake. Historical activity, recorded since the late-18th century, has been restricted to small-to-moderate explosive eruptions from the summit craters. Intense fumarolic activity occurs in the summit craters, on the outer flanks of the cone, and in lateral explosion craters.
Information Contacts: H. Gaudru, SVE, Switzerland.