Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — November 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 11 (November 1993)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Klyuchevskoy (Russia) Low seismicity; 15-km-long plume in early December
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia). In: Wunderman, R. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199311-300260.
56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Due to bad weather and poor visibility, monitoring . . . relied heavily on seismic observations. Through November and December the reported duration of tremor ranged from several hours/day (for the weeks ending 26 November and 4 December) to "background levels" (for the week ending 18 November). During the first week in December observers saw a gas-and-steam plume 500 m above crater rim, it was blown W and visible for a distance of ~15 km. Several other plume observations confirmed persistent degassing as late as the week of 22 December.
Geologic Background. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.
Information Contacts: V. Kirianov, IVGG.