Report on Kujusan (Japan) — January 1997
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 22, no. 1 (January 1997)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Kujusan (Japan) Increased seismic activity in January
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1997. Report on Kujusan (Japan) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 22:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199701-282120
33.086°N, 131.249°E; summit elev. 1791 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The monthly total of earthquakes for December was 397, and included volcanic tremors on 1, 2, and 28 December. In January, seismicity increased to a total of 2,142 events. From the night of 9 January through 11 January, activity peaked with a high of 1,262 events on 10 January, the highest daily number of recorded seismic events since 11 October 1995. The highest plumes reached 600 m in December and 700 m in January.
Geological Summary. Kujusan is a complex of stratovolcanoes and lava domes lying NE of Aso caldera in north-central Kyushu. The group consists of 16 andesitic lava domes, five andesitic stratovolcanoes, and one basaltic cone. Activity dates back about 150,000 years. Six major andesitic-to-dacitic tephra deposits, many associated with the growth of lava domes, have been recorded during the Holocene. Eruptive activity has migrated systematically eastward during the past 5000 years. The latest magmatic activity occurred about 1600 years ago, when Kurodake lava dome at the E end of the complex was formed. The first reports of historical eruptions were in the 17th and 18th centuries, when phreatic or hydrothermal activity occurred. There are also many hot springs and hydrothermal fields. A fumarole on Hosho lava dome was the site of a sulfur mine for at least 500 years. Two geothermal power plants are in operation at Kuju.
Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan.