Report on Karymsky (Russia) — January 1999
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 24, no. 1 (January 1999)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman..
Karymsky (Russia) Strombolian eruptions continue; thermal anomaly seen on satellite image
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1999. Report on Karymsky (Russia). In: Wunderman, R. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 24:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199901-300130.
54.049°N, 159.443°E; summit elev. 1513 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The low-level Strombolian eruptive activity that has characterized Karymsky for more than two years continued during January. About 300-400 earthquakes and gas explosions occur every day. The color-coded alert level continued at yellow.
Satellite imagery obtained by Alaska Volcano Observatory from 14 January showed a strong thermal anomaly on the volcano, but no change in seismicity was noticed. Seismic information for 28-31 January was not available owing to technical problems.
Geologic Background. Karymsky, the most active volcano of Kamchatka's eastern volcanic zone, is a symmetrical stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera that formed during the early Holocene. The caldera cuts the south side of the Pleistocene Dvor volcano and is located outside the north margin of the large mid-Pleistocene Polovinka caldera, which contains the smaller Akademia Nauk and Odnoboky calderas. Most seismicity preceding Karymsky eruptions originated beneath Akademia Nauk caldera, located immediately south. The caldera enclosing Karymsky formed about 7600-7700 radiocarbon years ago; construction of the stratovolcano began about 2000 years later. The latest eruptive period began about 500 years ago, following a 2300-year quiescence. Much of the cone is mantled by lava flows less than 200 years old. Historical eruptions have been vulcanian or vulcanian-strombolian with moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows from the summit crater.
Information Contacts: Olga Chubarova, Kamchatka Volcanic Eruptions Response Team (KVERT), Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry; Tom Miller, Alaska Volcano Observatory.