Report on Shishaldin (United States) — October 1976
Natural Science Event Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 13 (October 1976)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Shishaldin (United States) Incandescent gas jet; steam-and-ash emission
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1976. Report on Shishaldin (United States) (Squires, D., ed.). Natural Science Event Bulletin, 1:13. Smithsonian Institution.
54.756°N, 163.97°W; summit elev. 2857 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
27 September (about 2025): A 1-minute burst of incandescent gas jetted from the crater and curved S. No further activity was observed during the next several hours.
28 September (0650): Shishaldin was steaming and emitting occasional ash clouds that were carried away by strong winds.
Geologic Background. The beautifully symmetrical Shishaldin is the highest and one of the most active volcanoes of the Aleutian Islands. The glacier-covered volcano is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes along an E-W line in the eastern half of Unimak Island. The Aleuts named the volcano Sisquk, meaning "mountain which points the way when I am lost." A steam plume often rises from its small summit crater. Constructed atop an older glacially dissected volcano, it is largely basaltic in composition. Remnants of an older ancestral volcano are exposed on the W and NE sides at 1,500-1,800 m elevation. There are over two dozen pyroclastic cones on its NW flank, which is blanketed by massive aa lava flows. Frequent explosive activity, primarily consisting of Strombolian ash eruptions from the small summit crater, but sometimes producing lava flows, has been recorded since the 18th century.
Information Contacts: R. Dean, USAF, Cold Bay.